There are 17 or 18 canonical Puranas, divided into three categories, each named after one of the deities: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. Chandogya Upanishad is also said to be chanted with Svara (intonation) like Isavasya and Taittiriya Upanishads. “ Yes, ” he said, and asked again: “ How many gods are there really, O Yagnavalkya? Later, he established them in the body and subjected them to hunger and thirst so that they would engage in worldly activity to seek nourishment and survive. Concluding Insights: The Vedas are Hindu text providing guidance and insight into the philosophies and rituals of Hinduism. They are Kausitaki Upanishad and Maitrayini Upanishad. I read elsewhere that each branch of 4 Vedas have one upanishad each. 10. The Upanishads. Mandukya Upanishad – 12 Verses on AUM. So Mahidasa means a devotee of Prithvi. Many Shakhas are said to have existed, of which only a few remain. The modes of chanting prescribe the basics like how much time one has to take for reciting a word, how to regulate breathing while reciting so that required vibrations are produced in the specific parts of the body which will yield pure word-sound. However, in print, there are 108 of them. And because of this blessing Aitareya became a Rishi (a wise person) and what knowledge he got by the grace of Prithvi Devata, he brought out in the form of Aitareya Brahmanam, which is a very big portion of Rig Veda. Vedanta contains many sub-traditions on basis of a common textual connection called the Prasthanatrayi: the Upanishads, the Brahma Sutras and the Bhagavad Gita. While Mundaka Upanishad is considered to be a Samhitopanishad, Prasna Upanishad is considered to be a Brahmanopanishad. And there are 215 verses (Karikas) on the 12 Upanishad mantras. How many Upanishads once existed is unknown. Without the use of writing a fool-proof method was used to chant each Mantra in various patterns and combinations such as Pada Patha, Krama Patha, Jata Patha and Ghana Patha to prevent any errors creeping into the Vedas. Like Isavasya Upanishad this Upanishad also belongs to Shukla Yajur Veda. How many Upanishads are there in total? The first word is “Isa” so it can also be called Isa Upanishad or Isopanishad. This brings us to conclude that the date of the Rig-Veda, considered as the earliest in human history, is around 10,000 B.C.The words ‘Drshti’ and ‘Sruti’ – seeing and hearing, used in describing the Vedas signify their very basic revelatory nature. are one of the holy scriptures. Even in Adi Shankara’s commentary, he comments upon both the Upanishad as well as the Karikas. Another derivative of the word “Chand” is “Chandas” which means a Vedic metre. In total, there are 251 Upanishads, 108 of which are printed. A detailed explanation of how the Aitareya Upanishad was derived from the Aitareya Aranyaka was suggested by Max Mueller, which is available for reference at the end of this discussion. And generally a Brahmanopanishad is considered to be a commentary on the Samhitopanishad. What are the major books and literature in Hinduism? (ii) The number of Upanishads exceeds 200 though the Indian tradition puts it at 108. The names of these Upanishads are: Isa, Kena, Katha, Prasna, Mundaka, Mandukya, Taittiriya, Aitareya, Chandogya, Brhadaranyaka, Svetasvatara, Kausitaki, Mahanarayana and the Maitri. And it’s also called Upasana Kandam because these 2 chapters contain a variety of Upasanas. This Upanishad can also be called as Mundakopanishad. The Brhad-aranyaka Upanishad is widely accepted to be the most important of all Upanishads. Even though Kena Upanishad is also from Sama Veda, Svara for it is not available. 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